Most people develop their wisdom teeth during their teenage years. Human jaws are nowadays smaller compared to our ancient ancestors due to the variety of our modern diet. As a result of these evolutionary changes, there is sometimes not enough room in the human mouth to accommodate third molars or ‘wisdom teeth’ to come out fully. Due to this lack of space, they may only partially emerge through the gums. This can result in cavities, crowding, or gum infections.
They can be a valuable asset if they grow vertically and are aligned properly in your jaw. However, it is not unusual for these teeth to grow diagonally and horizontally, thus causing significant problems for the patient. This uneven growing can be responsible for myriad oral health problems including crowding and damage to the adjacent second molars. They can even impact the jawbone itself.
An additional problem is that they sometimes do not fully erupt through the gum. This is what is known as ‘Impacted Wisdom Teeth.’ When they only partially emerge, the opening around the teeth can become a fertile ground for harmful bacteria to start growing. This can lead eventually to an infection. As a result of this infection, you will feel discomfort, swelling, pain, and illness. Early removal is often recommended to avoid future problems and to avoid costly procedures.